Safe Dates, a program designed to prevent dating violence, consists of school and community interventions targeting eighth- and ninth-graders. Primary prevention occurs when the onset of perpetration of dating violence is prevented. Secondary prevention is when victims stop being victimized or perpetrators stop being violent. Primary prevention is promoted through school activities, while secondary prevention is promoted through school and community activities.
The program’s school activities consisted of changing norms associated with partner violence, decreasing gender stereotyping, improving conflict management skills, and help-seeking training. Community activities consisted of special services for adolescents in violent relationships and community service provider training. At follow-up—one month after the program ended—the researchers found that compared with students in control schools, students in treatment schools exhibited less psychological abuse perpetration, less sexual violence perpetration, and less violence perpetrated against the current dating partner. In a subsample of adolescents reporting no preprogram dating violence, there was less initiation of psychological abuse in treatment schools than in control schools. Most of the program effects were explained by the school activities, not the community activities. Few victims of dating violence sought help from traditional community agencies.
Foshee and colleagues (2005) found significant main effects of treatment condition on psychological abuse perpetration, moderate physical violence perpetration, and sexual violence perpetration. These findings indicate that adolescents in the Safe Dates group reported perpetrating less psychological and sexual abuse at all four follow-up periods, compared with youths in the control group. The treatment group also reported erpetrating less moderate abuse than the control group. Treatment effects were the same for those who did and did not report using those forms of violence before the intervention, indicating primary and secondary prevention effects.
Early dating/sexual activity/fatherhood
Few social ties (involved in social activities, popularity)
Association with antisocial/aggressive/delinquent peers; high peer delinquency
OJJDP Model Programs Guide: Exemplary program
Crime Solutions: Exemplary program
Vangie A. Foshee, Ph.D.
Health Behavior and Health Education
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Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7440
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Special Projects and Training Manager
Hazelden Publishing and Education Services
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Foshee, V. A.; Bauman, K. E.; Arriaga, X. B.; Helms, R. W.; Koch, G. G.; and Linder, G. F. (1998). “An Evaluation of Safe Dates, an Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention Program.” American Journal of Public Health, 88:45–50.
Foshee, V. A.; Bauman, K. E.; Ennett, S. T.; Linder, G. R.; Benefield, T.; and Suchindran, C. (2004). “Assessing the Long-Term Effects of the Safe Dates Program and a Booster in Preventing and Reducing Adolescent Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration.” American Journal of Public Health 94(4):619–624.
Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T. et al. (2005.) Assessing the Effects of the Dating Violence Prevention Program ‘Safe Dates’ Using Random Coefficient Regression Modeling.” Prevention Science, 6, 245–57.