Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws updated through July 2020)
Jurisdictions for this subject:
18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 to 1968, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO").
18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.
18 U.S.C. § 16. Crime of Violence defined. [Crimes and Criminal Procedure: General Provisions]
18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]
18 U.S.C. § 1951. Interference with commerce by threats or violence.
18 U.S.C. § 1961. Definitions. [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")]
18 U.S.C. § 2119. Motor vehicles.
Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 520 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for extortion"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 2962 (Westlaw). ["Treatment by State Department of State Hospitals as condition of parole; criteria for prisoners"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-1-109 (LexisNexis). ["Duties and functions of the warden"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Gang Recruitment Act]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Facility directors - duties"]
Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards.
Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership.
Fla. Stat. § 874.08. Criminal gang activity and recruitment; forfeiture.
Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication.
Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart.
Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.5. Compelling organization membership of persons.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6314. Recruiting criminal street gang membership.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6315. Criminal street gang intimidation.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6811. Determination of offender's criminal history classification in presumptive sentencing guidelines grids.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.150. Criminal gang activity or recruitment — Actions not constituting defenses.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.15. Short Title. [North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act]
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.17. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.19. Intimidation to Deter From Gang Withdrawal.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.20. Punishment or Retaliation for Gang Withdrawal.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-100. Crimes classified as misdemeanors.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action.
Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]
Tex. Pen. Code § 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor.
Tex. Pen. Code § 71.022. Coercing, Inducing, or Soliciting Membership in a Criminal Street Gang.
Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.
Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.
Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.
Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.
Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.030. Definitions. [Sentencing Reform Act of 1981]
Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.515. Table 2--Crimes included within each seriousness level.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.833. Special Allegation—Involving Minor in Felony Offense—Procedures.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation.
Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.0357. Juvenile offender sentencing standards.